A-SDGs National Document
Today’s world faces major challenges. Millions of people live below the poverty line and suffer from serious hunger issues. Inequality, injustice, extremism, terrorism and violence are constantly increasing. High levels of unemployment, especially among youth, have turned into a critical concern. Health threats, natural disasters, migration and the mass return of refugees, drought, soil erosion, clean water shortages, unwanted effects on the environment and the loss of natural resources are significant challenges for the modern world, and especially for Afghanistan. We must work towards a world free of poverty, hunger, diseases, violence, injustice, insecurity, instability, inequality and discrimination in order to achieve prosperity and dignity for all. The states of the modern world must direct their attention to the SDG programme.
In September 2000, at the Millennium Summit of the United Nations, 189 leaders of states and governments ratified the “United Nations Millennium Declaration,” and committed to achieving eight “Millennium Development Goals” by the year 2015. The Millennium Development Goals were designed to improve economic development and meet the needs of all society. Afghanistan committed to implementation of these goals in 2005 and added “Providing Security” to this set of international goals.
At the end of Millennium Development Goals period in September 2015, 193 countries of the world participated in the United Nations Summit at United Nations headquarters. They committed themselves to the new development agenda, declaring “We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, meeting at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 25 to 27 September 2015 as the Organization celebrates its seventieth anniversary, have decided today on new global Sustainable Development Goals. On behalf of the peoples we serve, we have adopted a historic decision on a comprehensive, far-reaching and people-centred set of universal and transformative Goals and targets. We commit ourselves to working tirelessly for the full implementation of this Agenda by 2030. We are committed to achieving sustainable development in its dimensions – economic, social and environmental – in a balanced and integrated manner.”
All member states of the United Nations are committed to fighting poverty, hunger, inequality and injustice. By 2030, we hope to achieve a prosperous, peaceful, capable, universal and economically-empowered society. Afghanistan is committed to incorporating and aligning the SDGs with its national development programmes, including the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF) and others.To begin nationalizing the SDGs, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) conducted a comprehensive consultation process to develop targets and indicators, taking into account the country’s specific context and circumstances. This process included a diverse group of stakeholders, including governmental agencies, civil society, private sector, academia, international development partners, Kabul-based UN agencies, women and youth.
The outcome of this process was Afghanistan’s adoption of 16 of the 17 SDGs, 112 of the 169 targets, and 178 of the 232 indicators. In addition, the working group divided all goals, targets and indicators into eight budgetary sectors. Afghanistan’s national SDG document, as well as the ANPDF and other national and sectoral strategic documents, are based on these eight sectors.
The Rapid Integrated Assessment (RIA) compared all of the country’s strategic documents, such as the ANPDF, National Priortity Programmes (NPPs), and the Self Reliance through Mutual Accountability Framework (SMAF), to the SDGs. According to the RIA, there is 75 percent alignment between these national strategic documents and the SDGs, though there are some gaps.
Most countries have developed mid-term and long-term plans for effective implementation of the SDGs. In developing these, Afghanistan aligned its targets and indicators for 2020 with the ANPDF and NPPs. At the same time, the country is in the process of designing a comprehensive development plan for 2020-2030.
Prioritization of the A-SDG goals and targets is based on evidence-based analysis and data modeling. As part of this process, the A-SDGs identified funding gaps for achieving goals and targets. A major challenge to the prioritization process is the limited data available for certain indicators, making econometric projection and modeling difficult.
The first part of this document presents a broad analysis of the A-SDGs and targets, and explains each goal in detail. Later, the document assesses the targets and national indicators by sector. These sectors include security, governance, infrastructure and natural resources, agriculture and rural development, education, health, social protection and economy and private sector development.
This document reflects all of Afghanistan’s developmental priorities. Its effective implementation will help increase financial and technical support from the international community to Afghanistan, and will lead to considerable improvement in the economy, security and public welfare.