SDGs IN AFGHANISTAN
The Government of Afghanistan as an independent state is fully committed to attaining the SDGs. This can help Afghanistan to overcome the socio-economic, environmental and security challenges that confront it.
However, MDGs effort of Afghanistan was limited by the problematic context of economic, political and security difficulties, but still that efforts established a positive trajectory for the SDGs program. This optimistic assertion is validated by the progress achieved against the benchmarks and indicators set by the TMAF, and the BSA. Considering the lessons learned from the MDGs process, Afghanistan can now more realistically integrate the SDGs into its strategic planning processes, policy making and budgeting process.
For Afghanistan to achieve the goals of the 2030 Agenda, the effort requires a dedicated partnership of Government, civil society and private sector, youth societies, academia with the United Nations and the international partners.
With the Council of Ministers’ decision of 7th October 2015, the Ministry of Economy (MoEc) has been designated as the lead ministry and focal point for SDGs and assigned to take lead in coordinating, planning, monitoring and reporting on SDGs for the GOIRA.
The SDGs will be implemented in three phases in Afghanistan:
1. Nationalization of targets and indicator.
2. Integration and alignment with national plans and strategies
3. Implementation process which is going to continue till 2030
The nationalization process of SDGs started with series of national consultation conferences, seminars, meetings and workshops. The global ambitious targets and indicators have been refined and nationalized with great efforts of different stakeholders in the country with realization of national context and circumstances. these national consultation process reshaped the global targets and indicators into 125 national targets and 190 national indicators.
For the effectiveness and transparency of the SDGs, the A-SDGs program is incorporated into the budget process as well as development planning at the national and sub-national levels.
The 17 goals have been divided into 8 national sectors and 17 sub-sectors to clarify the SDGs Agenda for the respective line ministries. Each of these ministries has been tasked to coordinate with other ministries that are involved in the various targets under each goal.
Strong engagement of stakeholders is related to vibrant awareness-raising campaigns and that needed to be carried out at both national and subnational levels, mobilizing and building partnerships with different local stakeholders, bringing together all sectors of society, boosting their participation and ensuring that diversity is encompassed.
The Ministry of Economy of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has conducted series of constructive consultation and awareness-raising programs for the provincial departments and influential stakeholders in subnational level and those programs had very crucial impacts on the planning process of the subnational budget entities.
Afghanistan believes that civil society, private sector entities, academia, media, youth, students, women, national and international NGOs, UN agencies and development partners have vital role in nationalization, alignment, implementation and monitoring of A-SDGs.
The A-SDGs Secretariat at the MoEc, engaged all national and international stakeholders in the nationalization process of the SDGs targets and indicators. GoIRA supports funding modalities that foster stronger collaboration among civil society, academia, youths, gender entities, private sector, development partners, UN agencies and other relevant institutions. About 50 workshops, seminars, symposiums and conferences have been organized for stakeholders and public awareness.
• December 26, 2016: Seminar on SDGs held at Dunya University. More than 300 participants, including 130 women, attended presentations on A-SDGs made by representatives of the Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Parliament and UNDP.
• February 4-5, 2017: Workshop organized at Kabul University by Ministry of Economy with support of UNDP, in association with AIESEC Afghanistan. 330 students, including 180 women, participated in the workshop and the targets and indicators for nine SDGs have been presented to them.
April 20, 2017: Youth Thinkers Society and Ministry of Economy organized three days National Youth Symposium successfully. This Symposium focused on six goals of SDGs. 600 people from different sectors, participated in this symposium.
May 15, 2017: Symposium on SDGs conducted at the American University of Afghanistan and more than 300 students participated in this symposium.
May 17, 2017: Workshop on SDGs conducted at Katib University, Kabul, Afghanistan. More than 260 students and teachers have participated.
A-SDGs IN NATIONAL FRAMEWORKS
The Government policy is to align the A-SDGs’ targets and indicators with national policies, strategies and development plans including the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF) presents as government’s five-year strategic framework for achieving its overarching goal of self-reliance and National Priority Program.
There are around 10 National Priority Program including;
• Private Sector Development Program
• The Citizen’s Charter
• Effective Governance Program
• Justice Sector Reform Program;
• Comprehensive Agricultural Development Program;
• Infrastructure and Connectivity Program;
• Urban Development Program; Energy;
• National Mineral and Resources Development Program;
• Human Capital Development; and
• Women’s Economic Empowerment Program.
GoIRA plans to align all the nationalized SDGs targets and indicators with national and sub-national development strategies. The SDGs program will be launched on the national level and will later focus on the sub-national level. Both the planning and implementation of the SDGs program will involve a wide variety of national and international stakeholders. Their participation has been organized with a structure of responsible offices and working groups. An essential effort will be to align the SDGs program with the programming and processes of GoIRA as well as existing commitments of Afghanistan’s international partners will be emphasized.
VNR Country Report Preparation (2017);
Donors Coordination Meeting on A-SDGs Document (2017);
Private Sectors Consultation Meeting on A-SDGs document (2017);
High Level Political Meetings on Sectoral Analysis (2017);
Preparation of the A-SDGs national strategic document (2017);
Official launch of the A-SDGs national document (2017);
Developing A-SDGs Official Database (2017);